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Dissertation/Thesis Abstract

Perceptions of Rural Community-Based Nurses and Perceived Stigma Related to HIV/AIDS: A Mixed-Methods Study
by Jones, Michael L., Ph.D., Hampton University, 2020, 151; 27964502
Abstract (Summary)

According to the Health Resources and Services Administration (HRSA, 2014), there are approximately1.1 million individuals living in the United States with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)/acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS). Healthcare professionals, such as nurses often exhibit stigma against patients with HIV/AIDS. The purpose of this mixed-methods study was to examine rural, community-based nurses’ perceptions related to HIV/AIDS stigma while caring for patients with the disease in rural areas of Mississippi. This study further assessed nurses’ perceptions of whether they stigmatize patients living with HIV/AIDS and whether nurses are stigmatized by family members for providing care to patients living with HIV/AIDS.

A convenience sample of (n = 47) nurses that worked in Federally Qualified Health Centers throughout the state of Mississippi participated in the study. The Neuman Systems Model was chosen as the conceptual framework to underpin this study. The HIV/AIDS Stigma Instrument – Nurse (HASI-N) and face-to-face and telephone interviews were used as instruments to collect the data.

Quantitative results revealed that there was no statistically significant stigma exhibited by nurses who care for individuals living with HIV/AIDS; neither was there significant stigma exhibited by the family of those who provide care for individuals living with the disease. Eight themes emerged from the qualitative component of the study: Fear of Contagion, Personal Commitment, Respect and Dignity, Universal Precautions, Better than Average Care, Bias, Unintentional Stigma, and Emotional Tone.

The convergence of both methodologies revealed that more education regarding HIV/AIDS is warranted.

Indexing (document details)
Advisor: Montgomery, Arlene J.
Commitee: Gomes, Melissa, Burns, Dorothy P., McGee, Zina T.
School: Hampton University
Department: Nursing
School Location: United States -- Virginia
Source: DAI-A 81/11(E), Dissertation Abstracts International
Subjects: Nursing, Health education, Health sciences
Keywords: AIDS, Bias, HIV, HIV/AIDS, Stigma
Publication Number: 27964502
ISBN: 9798644904150
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