A key concern of theological educators in offering online education has to do with spiritual formation. A related concern is the apparent lack of community online, which is considered an essential context for formation. This research explored how spiritual formation was demonstrated in the online learning environment of a Bible College in Singapore. The study also explored how community was represented by the community of inquiry (COI) with its three constructs of social presence, cognitive presence, and teaching presence. The population for this study was comprised of graduate students and instructors enrolled in all online courses offered in the School of Theology (English Department) during Term 1 (January to March) of 2018. Textual communication of participants in the learning management system of four online graduate courses was examined using qualitative content analysis. Deductive analysis using the COI theoretical framework showed a learning community was represented online in each of the four courses. Inductive coding and categorizing of data demonstrated how students engaged in the process of spiritual formation online. Students interacted with content, including Scriptures, in the process of formation. They demonstrated intellectual engagement, emotional expressions, volitional indications, and relational communication. Students also integrated their learning with life dimensions of self, spiritual life, and ministry, demonstrating a potential effect on and formation of such areas. As spiritual formation is an ongoing lifelong process influenced by an ecosystem of multiple communities, this study did not measure each student’s outcome or extent of formation. Future research calls for an examination of data beyond the textual communication in the learning management system to provide a more holistic evaluation of both the elements of COI and the process of spiritual formation.
|Commitee:||Grooms, Linda D., Hanes, John C., Jr.|
|Department:||School of Education|
|School Location:||United States -- Virginia|
|Source:||DAI-A 81/11(E), Dissertation Abstracts International|
|Subjects:||Religious education, Spirituality, Educational technology|
|Keywords:||Community of Inquiry, Content analysis, Online learning/education, Singapore, Spiritual formation, Theological institutions|
Copyright in each Dissertation and Thesis is retained by the author. All Rights Reserved
The supplemental file or files you are about to download were provided to ProQuest by the author as part of a
dissertation or thesis. The supplemental files are provided "AS IS" without warranty. ProQuest is not responsible for the
content, format or impact on the supplemental file(s) on our system. in some cases, the file type may be unknown or
may be a .exe file. We recommend caution as you open such files.
Copyright of the original materials contained in the supplemental file is retained by the author and your access to the
supplemental files is subject to the ProQuest Terms and Conditions of use.
Depending on the size of the file(s) you are downloading, the system may take some time to download them. Please be