Lower-income communities often fail to evacuate when mandatory evacuation orders are issued and sometimes choose to shelter in place when faced with dangerous approaching hurricanes. Preservation of life continues to be the number one goal of emergency professionals and those who stay place themselves and first responders in dangerous situations. Decades of research has been compiled on evacuation decision-making factors, yet evacuation rates continue to remain low. New data indicates that a potentially important aspect of the decision-making process may have been overlooked: social cohesion. The role social cohesion plays on one’s decision-making behaviors remains unclear. If social cohesion is a behavior modifier among low income and minority communities also remains to be determined. Thirteen studies were examined at length in an attempt to determine if social cohesion has been examined as a behavior modifier. This meta-analysis determined that factors such as social cohesion have not been sufficiently examined to determine if social cohesions is a facilitator or a barrier to evacuation in any community, especially in poverty affected or high minority communities.
|Commitee:||Lucus-McEwen, Valerie, Kreysa, Peter G|
|School:||California State University, Long Beach|
|Department:||Criminology, Criminal Justice and Emergency Management, School of|
|School Location:||United States -- California|
|Source:||MAI 81/11(E), Masters Abstracts International|
|Keywords:||Decision making factors, Evacuation, Hurricane, Modifying behavior, Poverty, Social cohesion|
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