Using the Multicultural Model of Stress theoretical framework, the present study compares problem-focused, emotion-focused, and meaning-focused coping mechanisms among Jamaican and American psychology undergraduates. The sample size consisted of 269 (125 Americans and 144 Jamaicans) psychology undergraduates attending the University of West Indies in Kingston, Jamaica and The Chicago School of Professional Psychology. Jamaican and American psychology undergraduates completed the Perceived Stress Scale-10 (Cohen, Kamarck, & Mermelstein, 1983), which identified their perceived stress levels. Additionally, the Coping Across Situations Questionnaire (Seiffge-Krenke, 1955) was completed and used to measure the differing strategies (from 20 alternatives) they usually employed when dealing with a myriad of stressors (covering 8 different domains). Results from findings show that there was minimal difference between the two groups in terms of how they perceived and experienced stress. Both the Jamaican and American psychology undergraduate control groups exhibited similar preferences for utilizing coping mechanisms. However, 50% of aggregate responders indicated the preference for problem-focused coping mechanisms, and 42% stated a preference for meaning-focused strategies with varying stressors. The Jamaican group indicated a slightly higher tendency to rely on emotion-focused strategies than the Americans when it related to dealing with their friends and concerns for their future.
Some files may require a special program or browser plug-in. More Information
|Commitee:||Peddle, Nancy, Ruddock, Maxine, Joseph, Julie|
|School:||The Chicago School of Professional Psychology|
|Department:||International Psychology: Trauma Services Concentration|
|School Location:||United States -- Illinois|
|Source:||DAI-A 81/10(E), Dissertation Abstracts International|
|Keywords:||Coping mechanisms, Cultural dimensions, Psychological distress, Stress perception, Stressors|
Copyright in each Dissertation and Thesis is retained by the author. All Rights Reserved
The supplemental file or files you are about to download were provided to ProQuest by the author as part of a
dissertation or thesis. The supplemental files are provided "AS IS" without warranty. ProQuest is not responsible for the
content, format or impact on the supplemental file(s) on our system. in some cases, the file type may be unknown or
may be a .exe file. We recommend caution as you open such files.
Copyright of the original materials contained in the supplemental file is retained by the author and your access to the
supplemental files is subject to the ProQuest Terms and Conditions of use.
Depending on the size of the file(s) you are downloading, the system may take some time to download them. Please be