Purpose: The purpose of this qualitative case study is to understand the similarities that exist in the descriptions of emotional intelligence methods utilized by retired successful Major League Baseball closers to appraise, express, regulate, and utilize their emotions to perform successfully in high pressure situations.
Methodology: The dissertation was a qualitative case study. Twelve of the top 50 retired save leaders in Major League Baseball were interviewed to understand the similarities in the descriptions of emotional intelligence methods used to perform successfully in high pressure situations. This study attempted to understand what exactly elite closers did to utilize emotional intelligence to perform in high pressure situations.
Findings: A total of eight common themes emerged from this study. At least two-thirds of all closers interviewed identified that laser focus on the moment and a short-term memory for emotional regulation, adrenaline utilization of emotions, reflection to appraise emotions, remaining even keeled for emotional regulation, preparation for emotional control, playing for teammates for utilization of emotions, breath for emotional control, and celebration for emotional expression as emotional intelligence methods utilized to perform successfully in high pressure situations.
Conclusions: Eight conclusions were derived from the study’s findings. Successful closers had an honest and regular appraisal routine. The closers celebrated in some form to express their emotions. The closers maintained detailed focus on the moment with a short-term memory. The closers utilized breath to regulate their emotions. The all-time great closers developed world class preparation and work ethic to prepare themselves for their performances. In order to utilize their emotions, closers used their adrenaline to their advantage and used their teammates as a primary motivation for preparation and performance.
Recommendations: High pressure performers must develop routines that include the eight primary strategies used by the elite closers. Though each individual will address the eight routines differently, it is important for those who desire high performance in HPS to develop and maintain these strategies.
|Advisor:||Pendley, Dr Phil|
|Commitee:||Buster, Dr Walt, Greenberg, Dr Jonathan|
|Department:||School of Education|
|School Location:||United States -- California|
|Source:||DAI-A 81/10(E), Dissertation Abstracts International|
|Subjects:||Educational leadership, Psychology, Sports Management|
|Keywords:||Clutch, Emotional intelligence, Focus, High pressure situations, Performance, Sports psychology|
Copyright in each Dissertation and Thesis is retained by the author. All Rights Reserved
The supplemental file or files you are about to download were provided to ProQuest by the author as part of a
dissertation or thesis. The supplemental files are provided "AS IS" without warranty. ProQuest is not responsible for the
content, format or impact on the supplemental file(s) on our system. in some cases, the file type may be unknown or
may be a .exe file. We recommend caution as you open such files.
Copyright of the original materials contained in the supplemental file is retained by the author and your access to the
supplemental files is subject to the ProQuest Terms and Conditions of use.
Depending on the size of the file(s) you are downloading, the system may take some time to download them. Please be