This dissertation contextualizes contemporary Indigenous organizing amidst resource wars over arable soil and water unfolding under the conditions of capitalist-induced climate change in Kenya. Across five case studies, this project centralizes the unexamined role of US imperialist development projects and counterinsurgent warfare over the long twentieth century that have produced this crisis. Through extensive archival research each chapter documents the entanglement of the US and British settler states, the global agricultural market, and the shared conditions of struggle amongst poor people, particularly Indigenous, Black, and diverse African peoples. By re-constructing these geographies, histories, and ideologies of land-use, the dissertation argues that a) the United States was a significant force in shaping the British colonial project in East Africa and the under-development trajectories in Kenya, and b) that the US has been able to obscure its role in domestic and overseas settler colonial expansion through environmental conservation and economic development projects. By considering the organized resistance and counter-development plans of activists across these landscapes throughout the twentieth century, this project also argues that social movements addressing the contemporary climate crisis must be international and decolonizing in order to actively build the world we need beyond racial capitalism.
|Advisor:||Singh, Nikhil Pal|
|Commitee:||Gilmore, Ruth Wilson, Livingston, Julie, Tu, Thuy Linh, Saranillio, Dean|
|School:||New York University|
|Department:||Social and Cultural Analysis|
|School Location:||United States -- New York|
|Source:||DAI-A 81/10(E), Dissertation Abstracts International|
|Subjects:||American studies, Geography, African history|
|Keywords:||Conservation, Counterinsurgency, Internationalism, Maasai, Settler colonialism, U.S. empire|
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