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Dissertation/Thesis Abstract

School Performance among Adolescents with Physical and Neurological Chronic Illness: Self-Concept as a Potential Moderator of Achievement and Absenteeism
by Strothers, Antonia M., Psy.D., Fairleigh Dickinson University, 2020, 84; 27831635
Abstract (Summary)

This study expanded upon past research exploring the relationship between self-concept and achievement by focusing on the self-concept, academic achievement, and absenteeism in adolescents with chronic illnesses. Archival data from a public vocational high school district in a suburban area of a northeastern state was utilized to examine the degree to which overall self-concept predicts academic achievement and number of excused absences in high school students with a physical or neurological chronic illness. Data including type of chronic illness, gender, student GPA, number of excused absences, rating of illness impact, and student self-concept were collected on 50 students during the 2018-2019 school year in grades 9-12, who were undergoing special education initial or re-evaluation procedures. Results indicate that lower self-concept and greater number of excused absences does not predict poor academic achievement; however, females with chronic illnesses were found to have lower overall self-concept. Further, individuals with both a physical and neurological chronic condition reported higher illness impact ratings. Future research should look to increase sample size and include a more standardized sample of participants. Further, including more recent measures of student academic achievement (e.g., progress reports, test grades) to determine whether or not achievement does in fact predict lower self-concept in chronically ill adolescents could be beneficial. Additionally, future research may explore adolescents with chronic mental health/psychiatric conditions as well, to examine potential relationships between illness impact and self-concept.

Indexing (document details)
Advisor: Zibulsky, Jamie
Commitee: McGlinchey, Eleanor, Raffaele-Mendez, Linda M.
School: Fairleigh Dickinson University
Department: School Psychology
School Location: United States -- New Jersey
Source: DAI-A 81/10(E), Dissertation Abstracts International
Subjects: Psychology, Educational psychology, Secondary education
Keywords: Adolescents, Chronic illnesses, School psychology, Self-concept
Publication Number: 27831635
ISBN: 9781658499262
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