This study expanded upon past research exploring the relationship between self-concept and achievement by focusing on the self-concept, academic achievement, and absenteeism in adolescents with chronic illnesses. Archival data from a public vocational high school district in a suburban area of a northeastern state was utilized to examine the degree to which overall self-concept predicts academic achievement and number of excused absences in high school students with a physical or neurological chronic illness. Data including type of chronic illness, gender, student GPA, number of excused absences, rating of illness impact, and student self-concept were collected on 50 students during the 2018-2019 school year in grades 9-12, who were undergoing special education initial or re-evaluation procedures. Results indicate that lower self-concept and greater number of excused absences does not predict poor academic achievement; however, females with chronic illnesses were found to have lower overall self-concept. Further, individuals with both a physical and neurological chronic condition reported higher illness impact ratings. Future research should look to increase sample size and include a more standardized sample of participants. Further, including more recent measures of student academic achievement (e.g., progress reports, test grades) to determine whether or not achievement does in fact predict lower self-concept in chronically ill adolescents could be beneficial. Additionally, future research may explore adolescents with chronic mental health/psychiatric conditions as well, to examine potential relationships between illness impact and self-concept.
|Commitee:||McGlinchey, Eleanor, Raffaele-Mendez, Linda M.|
|School:||Fairleigh Dickinson University|
|School Location:||United States -- New Jersey|
|Source:||DAI-A 81/10(E), Dissertation Abstracts International|
|Subjects:||Psychology, Educational psychology, Secondary education|
|Keywords:||Adolescents, Chronic illnesses, School psychology, Self-concept|
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