In school-based mental health, a significant gender discrepancy exists in referrals made for children at elementary schools. This gender imbalance in favor of male students is resulting in a lack of counseling services offered to girls who have experienced trauma. Utilizing heuristic and hermeneutic methodologies, this thesis identifies the psychological and social reasons for the gender gap in mental health referrals for children ages 5-10 years old. Examination of the literature reveals the impact culture has on how children express symptoms of trauma and identifies the tendencies for girls to internalize and boys to externalize symptoms of trauma. The research also exposes the biological, psychological, and societal mechanisms in place to keep experiences of trauma hidden. This thesis culminates with a list of symptoms of internalized trauma in children intended to increase awareness among elementary school staff and parents and encourage more mental health referrals for female children.
|School:||Pacifica Graduate Institute|
|School Location:||United States -- California|
|Source:||MAI 81/9(E), Masters Abstracts International|
|Subjects:||Counseling Psychology, Gender studies, Clinical psychology|
|Keywords:||Children, Elementary school, Referrals, School-based, Trauma|
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