Research shows that African American Black women have a high breast cancer mortality rate due to lack of breast cancer screenings. This quality improvement (QI) project evaluated if culturally-appropriate materials/education increased breast cancer screening
rates of African American Black women living in a community in the southern portion of NJ. Kurt Lewin’s theory of change encouraged African American Black women to change to healthier lifestyles by encouraging breast cancer screenings. Research also shows that
the use of culturally-appropriate tools in clinical settings can improve patient outcomes for this population. Leininger’s theory of culture care promoted clinical awareness of the African American Black culture of the community. This quantitative project used a pre-intervention/post-intervention design which addressed the problem statement: While literature indicated that African American Black women have lower participation in breast cancer screenings, it was not known in a community in the southern portion of NJ, if culturally-appropriate materials/education increased breast cancer screening rates. Analysis of the data answered the clinical question: for African American Black women in the southern portion of NJ, did culturally-appropriate materials/education increase breast cancer screening rates? The p-value of 0.067 did not demonstrate that culturally-appropriate materials/education increased breast cancer screenings rates of the project participants. The results based on the sample size of 4, were not statistically significant. This QI project could be implemented and tracked for a longer period of time to increase the sample size and provide a more substantial basis for practice change.
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|School:||Grand Canyon University|
|Department:||College of Nursing and Health Care Professions|
|School Location:||United States -- Arizona|
|Source:||DAI-A 81/9(E), Dissertation Abstracts International|
|Subjects:||Nursing, Womens studies, African American Studies|
|Keywords:||Breast cancer screenings, Culturally-appropriate education, Mammograms, Quality improvement|
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