Chemotherapeutica whose effect begin at the mitotic spindle checkpoint (MSC) cells belong to the standard repertoire of oncological therapy concerning numerous tumors. In the field of urooncology, especially the increase of Docetaxel based therapies in prostate cancer has again focused our attention on MSC. Regarding this, not only protective but also cancerous partial functions of the MSC in different tumor entities were shown and pleiotrophic effects of single genes of the MSC were investigated more closely. Therefore, the doctoral presented looks into a possible role of bub 1b in the development of tumors and in the modulation of acceptability of Docetaxel. As the heterozygoty in the gene bub1b in the existing mouse models only leads to cancer diseases related to age, bub1b heterozygote animals were paired with p53 ones. It were these animals which were examined regarding their survival as well as the type of the cancer entities appearing. Additionally, proliferation and the analyses of cell cycles under stress of Docetaxel at murine embryonic fibroblasts (MEFs) won from this mouse model were made.
In the sectional studies of the mouse model it was shown that when heterozygoty of bub1b and homozygoty of p53 exist at the same time the result is a shift of the cancer phenotype of the p53 deficient animals (sarcomas und lymphomas). Animals of the gene type bub1b het/p53 showed a significantly smaller amount of sarcomas compared with lymphomas. And concerning the lymphomas the share of the disseminated lymphomas compared with the thymoidal lymphomas increased. From these results it can be concluded that a heterozygoty for bub1b favours the development of certain tumor entities (disseminated lymphomas) whereas other tumor entities (e.g. sarkomas) can rather be avoided by the loss of a bub allels. At the moment the molecular reasons for this diagnosis are still unclarified.
In a second part of the doctoral it was shown that by making use of cell cultures of MEFs established by means of the existing mouse model, MEFs of the gene types bub1b/p53 hom as well as bub1b het/p53 compared with the control group proliferate normally and show a largely normal cell cycle. The zytostatic effect of the "spindle checkpoint aktivator" Docetaxel is reduced in the MEFs with a heterozygoty for bub1b whereas MEFs of the gene types bub 1b wt/p53 and bub1b het/p.53 hom react more sensitively to Docetaxel. From these findings it can be said that Docetaxel has little effectiveness as a zytostatic medicine in the cancer therapy of bub1b heterozygotic cells. Bub1b heterozygote cells, however, being defective in the gene p53 at the same time could respond sensitively to a therapy.
Furthermore, in the MEFs of all the three gene types it could be shown that the activating of the MSC by Docetaxel is incomplete ordeficient. This defect in the MSC not only leads, as mentioned before, to a strongly zytostatic effect but also to a significant increase in the number and persistence of polyploid cells in the cell cultures of the MEFs with the gene type bub1b het/p53 hom. These results demonstrate that a deficiency for p53 and a heterozygoty for bub1b have a additive effect in the development of polyploid cells and therefore favour the development of the early stages of cancer.
Whether these effects play a role in the native tumors treated with Docetaxel and whether bub1b and p53 can be evaluated as a possibility for human treatment with Docetaxel must be shown in further analyses which illustrate the course of a tumor therapy by means of a poison of the spindle apparat.
|Advisor:||Gerharz , Elmar W|
|School:||Bayerische Julius-Maximilians-Universitaet Wuerzburg (Germany)|
|Source:||DAI-C 81/6(E), Dissertation Abstracts International|
|Subjects:||Health sciences, Medicine|
|Keywords:||Urology, Pediatric urology|
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