Studies have yielded conflicting results regarding benefits for both homogeneous or heterogeneous group composition on the development of positive group climate, cohesion, and performance outcomes. Research is limited regarding the impact of gender composition in counseling groups. This study examined the impact of diverse gender group composition, and the experience of being a minority or majority group member in terms of gender (e.g., men as minority; women as majority group member) on group climate, cohesion, group member satisfaction, and performance outcomes. The participants (n = 234; 31 groups) in this study were graduate students in either a masters degree program in Counseling or a Ph.D. program in Counseling Psychology at a northeastern university. The measures used in this study were The Group Questionnaire, the Inventory of Interpersonal Problems-Circumplex-Item Response Theory, and Satisfaction with Group. Multiple ANOVAs, and MANOVAs were conducted with follow-up tests conducted when main effects or interaction effects were significant. Study results indicated a main effect for gender, with males as group minority in this study reporting lower ratings of group climate and outcome than women consistently over time. The effect of time was significant so that members of all groups, homogeneous and heterogeneous, reported less interpersonal distress over time. Discussion of findings, study limitations, implications for counseling practice, and recommendations for future research are included in this study.
|Commitee:||Guyker, Wendy, Sodano, Sandro|
|School:||State University of New York at Buffalo|
|Department:||Counseling, School and Educational Psychology|
|School Location:||United States -- New York|
|Source:||DAI-A 81/8(E), Dissertation Abstracts International|
|Subjects:||Psychology, School counseling, Counseling Psychology|
|Keywords:||Gender composition, Group climate, Group composition, Group satisfaction|
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