In 1978, Acton Eric Ostling Jr. (b. 1936) presented a thesis to The University of Iowa, which offered an evaluative method to identify academic wind band literature worthy of study and programming. The design utilized twenty conductors, experts in wind band literature, and ten specific criteria found in all musical works of serious artistic merit. Three outcomes were sought: (a) to assist wind band conductors by predetermining “what compositions within [the] large body of literature are most-worthy of study and performance” (Ostling, 1978, p. 12); (b) to encourage wind band conductors to select compositions of higher quality for study and performance; and, (c) to identify and classify a basic core wind band repertoire list (Ostling, 1978). Since the seminal study, updated, revised or extended studies have replicated the Ostling design. In addition, various national, state, and local organizations have used the Ostling (1978) design as tool for determining the programming and curriculum repertoire of academic settings. This case study found the Ostling (1978) design flawed at its attempt to summon integrity and validity to its study. By abbreviating the Delphi method, the population was devoid of the academic, social, and professional stratifications necessary for repertoire education. This led to a sample restricted of the expert value judgments necessary to achieve consensus, a preemptive goal of the study. The use of copyrighted, yet unpublished musical literature infringed upon Fair Use by failing to obtain informed consent prior to use. Published catalogues of repertoire were deemed to have serious artistic merit under the incorrect assumption that the methodology, procedures, and findings of the seminal study were sound. These catalogues, as distributed, further infringed upon Fair Use practices, presenting harm to copyright holders. Updated, revised, and extended studies using the Ostling (1978) design are governed under revised and detailed standards for Fair Use and human subject research not available at the time of the seminal study. As such, the Ostling (1978) design should cease to be used as a human subject research methodology, and should be removed from any influence in programming, curriculum, or as the basis for future research.
|Commitee:||Oliver, Anita, Burdett, John|
|School:||La Sierra University|
|School Location:||United States -- California|
|Source:||DAI-A 81/10(E), Dissertation Abstracts International|
|Subjects:||Music education, Curriculum development|
|Keywords:||Evaluative methods, Acton Eric Ostling Jr., Wind band|
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