Dissertation/Thesis Abstract

Human Papillomavirus Vaccine Education to Improve Parental Knowledge, Awareness and Acceptance of HPV Vaccine
by Olagbegi, Benedicta, D.N.P., Grand Canyon University, 2020, 189; 27739501
Abstract (Summary)

The Human Papillomavirus (HPV) is the most common sexually transmitted infection (STI) that affects millions of people worldwide. HPV vaccines can prevent HPV infections, yet vaccination rates remain suboptimal among adolescents. The purpose of this project was to assess parents’ knowledge and awareness of HPV and the HPV vaccine and to evaluate the effect of an educational intervention in improving parents’ knowledge and acceptance of the vaccine for their adolescent children compared to parents without intervention in a primary care clinic in East Chicago. The theoretical framework of the health belief model (HBM) and the precaution adoption process model (PAPM) were used to explain and predict parents’ health-related behaviors and decisions regarding the uptake of the HPV vaccine. The project was conducted on 48 parents of adolescent children (n=48). A quantitative quasi-experimental pretest and posttest design was used to assess parents’ knowledge, awareness, and acceptance of the HPV vaccine. Statistical analyses showed the pre-intervention mean percent correct on HPV knowledge was 35.41% (SD = 32.548%), and the post-intervention mean percent correct on HPV knowledge was 96.87% (SD = 15.999%). A paired samples t-test noted a statistically significant mean difference increase of 61.458% in the post-intervention scores, t (47) = 10.940, p < 0.001. Chi-square tests for parental intention to vaccinate was (χ2 = 1, P<0.01) and acceptance/vaccination rate was (χ2 = 0.6793). This suggests that the intervention increased parents’ knowledge, awareness and acceptance of the HPV vaccine. Future projects are needed for HPV education programs in a larger population.

Keywords: Human papillomavirus, HPV vaccination, HPV vaccine, HPV education, parental knowledge, awareness, and acceptance.

Indexing (document details)
Advisor: Williams, Kristy
Commitee: Nettem, Bhargavi
School: Grand Canyon University
Department: College of Doctoral Studies
School Location: United States -- Arizona
Source: DAI-B 81/9(E), Dissertation Abstracts International
Subjects: Nursing
Keywords: Human Papillomavirus, Vaccine education
Publication Number: 27739501
ISBN: 9781658485104
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