This mixed method art therapy research was conducted to address the creative and emotional potential of 33 Korean adolescent girls by using the stimulus of a smartphone in a therapeutic setting for six sessions. As the smartphone is central to their personal and cultural expression, the intent was to channel their smartphone preoccupations towards more creative and productive expressions. By helping them to foster their use of personal devices in more divergent and expressive ways, the researcher’s therapeutic work addressed the rampant escapism and high levels of academic stress that have been identified as a societal malaise. As a therapeutic stimulus, the protocol began by using the smartphone as a leisurely, cultural, and developmental intervention, which was found to increase the quality and quantity of fruitful communications. The three phases of the protocol and intervention were as follows: (a) using the smartphone as a motivational stimulus, (b) using response art as an opportunity to elaborate on smartphone imagery, and (c) engaging in an art dialogue, in which the adolescents expanded their self-expression. The project was conceived within the postmodern paradigm of mixing theoretical approaches employing both cognitive-behavioral and psychodynamic orientations. The intervention was measured quantitatively by the Participant’s Phenomenological Scale, which was developed by the researcher, and qualitative results were gleaned from 182 process notations, as well as the Researcher’s Self-Phenomenological Scale, and the Program Evaluation. The study hypothesized that the participants would increasingly be able to utilize their stimulus and engage in smartphone expressions as a pathway to exploring their individual voices, to use their smartphones as a channel to evolve their own personal and cultural expressions through response art, to show an increase in their ability to engage in dialogue regarding their response art, and develop a rapport with the researcher over the duration of the intervention. All hypotheses were supported. The stimulus intervention and creative outcomes were found to have a positive impact, however modest, to the developmental and culturally syntonic maturational process of participants, within a population that suffers from societal/familial oppression, repression, and obsession. The quantitative and qualitative findings form a unique body of knowledge, one that the researcher maintains contribute to the knowledge base of the creative arts therapy field.
|Commitee:||Etherington-Reader, Arnell, Song, In Sub|
|School:||Notre Dame de Namur University|
|School Location:||United States -- California|
|Source:||DAI-A 81/8(E), Dissertation Abstracts International|
|Subjects:||Psychology, Therapy, Counseling Psychology|
|Keywords:||Adolescent, Art therapy, Psychodynamic, Smartphone, South Korea, Stimulus|
Copyright in each Dissertation and Thesis is retained by the author. All Rights Reserved
The supplemental file or files you are about to download were provided to ProQuest by the author as part of a
dissertation or thesis. The supplemental files are provided "AS IS" without warranty. ProQuest is not responsible for the
content, format or impact on the supplemental file(s) on our system. in some cases, the file type may be unknown or
may be a .exe file. We recommend caution as you open such files.
Copyright of the original materials contained in the supplemental file is retained by the author and your access to the
supplemental files is subject to the ProQuest Terms and Conditions of use.
Depending on the size of the file(s) you are downloading, the system may take some time to download them. Please be