Dissertation/Thesis Abstract

Post-transcriptional Mechanisms Contributing to RNA and Protein Localization: Study of Local Translation and Alternative 3′UTRs in Induced Neurons
by Mattioli, Camilla Ciolli, Ph.D., Humboldt Universitaet zu Berlin (Germany), 2019, 175; 27731699
Abstract (Summary)

Asymmetric distribution of mRNA and proteins inside a cell defines polarity, which allow tight regulation of gene expression in space and time. In this thesis I investigated how asymmetric distribution characterizes the somatic and neuritic compartments of in induced neurons, in terms of transcriptome and translatome. Spatial ribosome profiling analysis revealed that half of the local proteome is defined by mRNA localization and local translation. These, are processes accomplished by the synergistic activity of trans- and cis-acting elements. I focused on MOV10 as trans-acting element, and on alternative 3′UTRs as cis-elements, to investigate their role in asymmetry. MOV10 is an RNA helicase which participates to many aspects of RNA metabolism. With RIP and PAR-CLIP I showed that MOV10 targets are localized to the neurites, consistently with MOV10-neuritic localization, and that MOV10 might be involved in translational repression. Indeed, among MOV10 protein interactors, I identified several proteins involved in translational repression, i.e. AGO2, FMR1, and TRIM71. On the side of cis-elements, I performed mapping of alternative 3′UTRs. This analysis identified several genes expressing differentially localized 3′UTR isoforms. In particular, I focused on Cdc42. I showed that the two isoforms of Cdc42 are differentially localized at mRNA level, and that the 3′UTR is the driver of mRNA and protein localization. Moreover, I identified several RBPs that might be involved in Cdc42 localization. This analysis points to usage of alternative 3′UTR isoforms as a novel mechanism to provide for differential localization of functionally diverse alternative protein isoforms.

Indexing (document details)
Advisor: Ohler , Uwe , Heyd , Florian , Sutapa , Chakrabarti
Commitee:
School: Humboldt Universitaet zu Berlin (Germany)
School Location: Germany
Source: DAI-C 81/7(E), Dissertation Abstracts International
Source Type: DISSERTATION
Subjects: Cellular biology, Genetics
Keywords: Ribosome profiling, Gene expression, RNA metabolism
Publication Number: 27731699
ISBN: 9781392813539
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