Dissertation/Thesis Abstract

Is BMI or Body Image a Better Predictor of Academic Performance?
by Osborne-Bias, Kaitlyn B., M.S., Texas A&M University - Central Texas, 2019, 51; 27738847
Abstract (Summary)

Despite the numerous studies that identified negative body image as a risk factor for adverse outcomes, relatively little research has been conducted examining the relation to academic outcomes in college. While there is debate regarding the causal mechanism by which negative body image impacts academic performance, a common rationale entails the role of self-efficacy. In the limited research showing, that Body Mass Index (BMI) and body image both predict academic achievement, no one has yet explored which of the two is a better predictor. The current research hypothesized that although body image and BMI would both be related to GPA, there would be a stronger correlation between body image and GPA than between one’s BMI and GPA. On online survey was conducted where college students (N = 75) completed demographic measures, reported the data necessary to calculate their BMIs, and answered questions regarding their body image (i.e., SPAS). Consistent with previous findings (Hart,Leary, & Rejeski, 1989; Saenz-Alvarez, Sicilia, Gonzales-Cutre, & Ferriz; 2013) participants in the present study with higher scores on the BMI scale reported greater body image dissatisfaction on the SPAS. In line with expectations, BMI and body image were both related to academic performance. However, contrary to expectations, they predicted GPA equally well. To encourage better academics and healthier lifestyles in students, colleges should implement strategies for higher self-efficacy, healthier eating and affordable food choices, and more physical activities.

Indexing (document details)
Advisor: Schwegler, Andria
Commitee: Fiala, Samuel, Lapierre, Coady, Greenwood, Lynn, Blackwell, Sandra
School: Texas A&M University - Central Texas
Department: Humanities
School Location: United States -- Texas
Source: MAI 81/8(E), Masters Abstracts International
Subjects: Educational psychology, Higher education, Physiology
Keywords: Academic performance, BMI (Body mass index), Body image, Body mass index
Publication Number: 27738847
ISBN: 9781392442760
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