The preparation of metal-supported ultrathin films of germanium dioxide, termed also germania, has been successfully achieved for the first time. The structure of the films is elucidated with atomic precision and chemical sensitivity using surface science techniques. The investigation is performed by analyzing STM images and is complemented by low-energy electron diffraction (LEED) patterns, a dynamical LEED study, and external support from density functional theory (DFT) calculations.
In this work, we compare side-by-side atomically-resolved scanning tunneling microscopy (STM) images of ultrathin films of germania and silica. The analysis aims to investigate the impact of the metal support on the structure of oxide films. For that purpose, ultrathin germania films are grown on Ru(0001), Pt(111) and Au(111), and compared with previously reported silica ultrathin films supported on different substrates. Germania has been widely associated with silica since they are considered to be structural and chemical equivalent materials.
Three main network structures have been characterized: monolayer, zigzag and bilayer films. In all systems, the building block consists of a distorted tetrahedron with a germanium atom surrounded by four oxygen atoms. Adjacent tetrahedra connect to each other through Ge-O-Ge bonds and, in the case of the monolayer films, they also bind to the metal support. Conversely, in bilayer films there are no chemical bonds to the metal substrate, thus providing more flexibility to the film structure. Through a meticulous control of the preparation conditions one can obtain a purely crystalline phase, an amorphous one, or one with intermediate order. It is important to highlight that the amorphous germania bilayer film represents a new 2-dimensional amorphous material.
|Advisor:||Freund , Hans-Joachim , Rademann , Klaus , Sterrer , Martin|
|School:||Humboldt Universitaet zu Berlin (Germany)|
|Source:||DAI-C 81/7(E), Dissertation Abstracts International|
|Subjects:||Condensed matter physics|
Copyright in each Dissertation and Thesis is retained by the author. All Rights Reserved
The supplemental file or files you are about to download were provided to ProQuest by the author as part of a
dissertation or thesis. The supplemental files are provided "AS IS" without warranty. ProQuest is not responsible for the
content, format or impact on the supplemental file(s) on our system. in some cases, the file type may be unknown or
may be a .exe file. We recommend caution as you open such files.
Copyright of the original materials contained in the supplemental file is retained by the author and your access to the
supplemental files is subject to the ProQuest Terms and Conditions of use.
Depending on the size of the file(s) you are downloading, the system may take some time to download them. Please be