It was not known what unique challenges previously incarcerated women recovering from nonviolent drug-related criminal offenses experienced on their paths back toward societal and workplace reentrance. Men and women experience the world differently in many ways, thereby creating different challenges and obstacles in similar situations. The purpose of this qualitative descriptive study was to understand the experiences of previously incarcerated women with nonviolent drug-related criminal offenses as they returned to their communities and tried to find employment within Southern California. Eleven previously incarcerated women discussed their successful or less than successful attempts at gaining employment and reintegrating into their communities. The framework was based on Becker’s (1974) labeling theory, as supported by Rohner’s (2015, 2016) interpersonal acceptance-rejection theory. All participants described discrimination and judgment they had felt because of their criminal background, not only from their communities but also from their families. Some participants believed they had positive interactions with specific family members; however, these women still felt marginalized, stigmatized, and misunderstood. These feelings were also present in their search for employment. The participants desired a more hands-on approach by the staff to find jobs, in addition to more training explicitly on job-specific skills and training certifications. These narratives indicated ways that reintegration programs might better tailor approaches and assistance to these women. Researchers interested in the need for emotional support an acceptance or reentrants can undertake an empirical study to determine whether there are (a) any gender differences and (b) differences between women who committed different crimes.
|Advisor:||Kimball, Reginald S.|
|Commitee:||Cabiria, Jon, Stimpson, Matt|
|School:||Grand Canyon University|
|Department:||College of Doctoral Studies|
|School Location:||United States -- Arizona|
|Source:||DAI-A 81/8(E), Dissertation Abstracts International|
|Subjects:||Psychology, Womens studies, Social psychology|
|Keywords:||Employment, Non-violent convictions, Re-socialization, Reentry, Social-reintegration, Women|
Copyright in each Dissertation and Thesis is retained by the author. All Rights Reserved
The supplemental file or files you are about to download were provided to ProQuest by the author as part of a
dissertation or thesis. The supplemental files are provided "AS IS" without warranty. ProQuest is not responsible for the
content, format or impact on the supplemental file(s) on our system. in some cases, the file type may be unknown or
may be a .exe file. We recommend caution as you open such files.
Copyright of the original materials contained in the supplemental file is retained by the author and your access to the
supplemental files is subject to the ProQuest Terms and Conditions of use.
Depending on the size of the file(s) you are downloading, the system may take some time to download them. Please be