Dissertation/Thesis Abstract

Assertiveness and Aggressiveness as Predictors of Aviation Safety Attitudes in Military Pilots
by Mouw, Timothy Allan, Ph.D., Grand Canyon University, 2020, 233; 27739763
Abstract (Summary)

There is a delicate balance that exists between effective assertiveness and unsafe aggressiveness during flight operations. Minimal research has examined if or to what extent personality traits of assertiveness and aggressiveness relate to aviation safety attitudes in military pilots. The purpose of this quantitative correlational research was to develop an understanding whether personality traits of assertiveness and aggressiveness predict aviation safety attitudes of self-confidence, risk orientation, and safety orientation in U.S. Military Pilots. A convenience sample of 132 current and former U.S. Military Pilots from across the country and every branch of service responded to an 81-item online survey that contained personality measures of assertiveness and aggression, an aviation safety attitude measure, and demographic questions. Preliminary Pearson r correlations found that overall trait aggression correlated with the aviation safety attitude among current and former military pilots. A linear regression analysis confirmed overall trait aggression as a possible predictor of the aviation safety attitude of risk orientation, F(1, 130) = 4.344, p = .039 (R2 = .032). Evaluated at the corrected level of statistical significance used in this study (α = .0056), these results are not statistically significant, but they indicate the possibility of a statistically significant predictive relationship in further research with larger samples. Although inconclusive, the findings of this study justify more research in this problem area. This study highlighted instrument reliability problems, the importance of accurately measuring pilot safety attitudes, and the urgent need to develop a new safety attitudes instrument with stronger internal consistency.

Indexing (document details)
Advisor: Aldred, Jennifer, Peifer, Karen
Commitee: Dargon, Christine, Miron, Dorina
School: Grand Canyon University
Department: College of Doctoral Studies
School Location: United States -- Arizona
Source: DAI-A 81/8(E), Dissertation Abstracts International
Subjects: Psychology, Personality psychology, Military studies
Keywords: Aggression, Aggressiveness, Assertiveness, Aviation safety attitudes, Military pilots, Risk orientation
Publication Number: 27739763
ISBN: 9781658402286
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