The current majority of clinical literature regarding the transgender population has focused on the pathology and etiology of gender identity disorder. Research on health care relating to transgender individuals has narrowly focused on HIV prevalence. Research was needed that considered a transgender individual’s position in society, discrimination members of this population face on a daily basis, and what decisions this population makes regarding personal gender expression and pursuing an authentic life in society. This was a mixed-methods study intended to demonstrate what effects nonprescribed hormones and silicone had on transwomen’s gender identity and feelings of gender congruence without the benefit of medical supervision while transitioning. A questionnaire survey was created to collect data on the engagement of non-prescription hormone and silicone use, those decisions affecting self-satisfaction, and the implications of such use. The survey was web-based to utilize the Internet’s ability to reach those who might otherwise be excluded in research. Organizations identified as providing services to the transgender population were contacted to post a flyer for participant recruitment. This study was limited to convenience sampling and a total of 36 surveys were received from individuals who identified as: born biologically male who identified as female; transwoman; male-to-female (MTF); or transgender female; 18 years or older; and resided in the United States. Participants identified as 86.11% White/Caucasian, 5.56% iii Asian/Pacific Islander, 2.78% Native American/American Indian, and 5.56% other. Over half (64.70%) resided in larger cities, and 88.23% were educated at the college level or above. The majority of participants (75.76%) had health insurance, and 61.76% did not experience discrimination in health care. Sixty-eight percent (68%) of participants had engaged in non-prescription hormone use, and no participants reported use of adulterated silicone. Of the participants who had used non-prescription hormones, 76.47% received the desired effects they were hoping to gain. Participants experienced improved mood, higher confidence levels, emotional balance, and overall well-being. Anxiety, depression, and suicidal tendencies diminished with hormone use. Negative effects for some participants included increased anxiety and difficulty adjusting to unfamiliar emotions. Further research is suggested surrounding use of non-prescription hormone use, including for individuals identifying as female-to-male.
|School:||Argosy University/San Francisco Bay Area|
|School Location:||United States -- California|
|Source:||DAI-A 81/8(E), Dissertation Abstracts International|
|Subjects:||Clinical psychology, Gender studies, LGBTQ studies|
|Keywords:||Transgender, Male-to-male, LGBT, Gender Identity, Cross-gender, Gender dysphoria|
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