The general problem addressed by this study was the underrepresentation of African Americans in professional nursing. The purpose of this qualitative embedded multiple case study was to explore perceptions of successful and unsuccessful African American nursing students regarding efficacy of retention strategies. Data were analyzed using the NURS model. The settings for the cases were a HBCU located in the southeastern United States and the National Student Nurses Association. A purposeful sample of seven traditional and nontraditional African American nursing students attending pre-licensure HBCU baccalaureate nursing programs was used to help understand the perceptions of both successful and unsuccessful students regarding retention strategies and services. Thematic analysis of data identified two concepts from the NURS model, professional integration factors (faculty, HBCU attendance, and professional organizations and events) and academic factors (library and skills/simulation lab), as central to student success. Lack of access to resources was identified as a barrier to achievement from the unsuccessful participant’s information. These findings reaffirm the NURS model. African American nursing students benefit when faculty are caring and supportive and the institutional culture is congruent with their own beliefs and interests. Furthermore student participation in professional organizations and events promotes motivation and integration into the nursing profession. Students rely on resources and services such as the library and skills/simulation lab and therefore, access should be enhanced through expanded open hours, modern and well-maintained equipment, and faculty and staff assistance. Future research is needed to explore how resources within HBCU nursing programs that could be improved. Additionally, quantitative studies are needed to examine how the individual and combined variables associated with HBCU baccalaureate nursing programs noted in this study need improvement.
|Commitee:||Broderick, Maggie, Vance, Joanna|
|Department:||School of Education|
|School Location:||United States -- California|
|Source:||DAI-A 81/7(E), Dissertation Abstracts International|
|Subjects:||Nursing, Education Policy, Health education, African American Studies|
|Keywords:||African American, Nursing student, Resources, Retention, Success, Underrepresented|
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