This dissertation consists of three essays that focus on topics at the intersection of agriculture and gender in a developing country context. The first essay studies decision-making within the household and how it is affected by a temporary agricultural intervention aimed at female farmers. Results from an experiment that randomized program phaseout indicate that while the program tried to improve opportunities for women, it in fact resulted in a temporary decrease in women's independent decision-making regarding agriculture and agricultural income. This occurs as men become more involved in agricultural activities and decision-making, doing more of the work, but also appropriating more of the income; after the intervention ends, all these impacts are reversed. At the same time, other areas of household decision-making are unaffected by the intervention or its phaseout. The second (co-authored) essay provides a rigorous test of the sustainability of program impacts of the same agricultural intervention in Uganda. Results suggest the program has had persistent learning effects in the key areas targeted by the program, with farmers in treated villages continuing to use various practices taught by the program for at least three years after its' discontinuation. Farmers also continue to use improved seeds, shifting their seed purchases to market sources after program phaseout. Finally, the focus of the third essay is on the measurement of women's economic empowerment. The essay develops a new class of count-based deprivation measures to measure empowerment and applies them to two small scale agriculture settings in Sub-Saharan Africa, showing how the relationships between multidimensional women’s economic empowerment and other welfare related indicators can vary significantly with the setting.
|Advisor:||Smith, Stephen C.|
|Commitee:||Foster, James E., Williams, Benjamin D.|
|School:||The George Washington University|
|School Location:||United States -- District of Columbia|
|Source:||DAI-A 81/7(E), Dissertation Abstracts International|
|Subjects:||Economics, Womens studies, Agricultural economics|
|Keywords:||Women, Agriculture, Development economics|
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