Dissertation/Thesis Abstract

Obsidian and Political Economy in the Wari Empire: A Portable X-Ray Fluorescence Study of the Patipampa Sector of Huari
by Wistuk, Bronson, M.A., State University of New York at Binghamton, 2019, 145; 22616404
Abstract (Summary)

During 2017 and 2018, the Huari Urban Prehistory Project conducted excavations in the non-elite Patipampa sector of Huari in Ayacucho, Peru. Quotidian resource acquisition, distribution, and use are not well understood in Huari as previous excavations have focused on monumental architecture and mortuary centers. This thesis presents research on the Patipampa obsidian artifact assemblage and its relation to Wari political economy in a non-elite context. I conducted portable X-ray fluorescence and lithic attribute analyses on 446 obsidian artifacts in order to understand obsidian’s role at Patipampa. My research supports the idea that the people of Patipampa had unrestricted access to Quispisisa obsidian and did not need to conserve material. It appears that the Wari provided Quispisisa obsidian via a redistributive economic system. The presence of additional types brings into question other forms of resource acquisition at Huari and ties to the local Puzolana obsidian.

Indexing (document details)
Advisor: Isbell, William H.
Commitee: Lacombe, Sébastien
School: State University of New York at Binghamton
Department: Anthropology
School Location: United States -- New York
Source: MAI 81/7(E), Masters Abstracts International
Subjects: Archaeology, Geochemistry
Keywords: Archaeology, Archaeometry, Huari, Obsidian, PXRF, Wari
Publication Number: 22616404
ISBN: 9781392685006
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