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Dissertation/Thesis Abstract

Physical Therapists’ Cultural Competency and Self-Reported Practice-Related Errors
by Huth, Renee Marie, Ph.D., Walden University, 2020, 111; 27735682
Abstract (Summary)

Physical therapy practice includes direct access to a multicultural patient population, yet the relationship between physical therapists' (PTs) cultural competency and practice errors remains unclear. The study’s purpose was to determine whether relationships exist between PTs’ sociodemographic and professional factors, cultural competency, and self-reported practice errors. The culturally congruent care model served as the theoretical framework which defines aspects of cultural competence using the Cultural Competence Assessment (CCA). Data were gathered via an anonymous online survey using the CCA with an additional question involving self-reported error frequency in the past year on a scale of either daily, weekly, monthly, or annually. A convenience sample included PTs from 3 of 6 districts within the Virginia Physical Therapy Association professional organization. The response rate was 10.2% (N = 83). Chi-square and ordinal regression tested whether PTs’ sociodemographic and professional variables, cultural diversity experiences (CDE), cultural awareness/sensitivity, and culturally competent behaviors (CCB) were associated or predictors of cultural competency and self-reported error frequency. This study confirmed that PTs self-report practice error frequency. PTs with CDE more often self-reported annual errors (p = .024), and PTs with multiple races/ethnicities (p = .010) reported errors of any frequency, except never. Age, race/ethnicity, education degree, and years of practice were not associated with higher CCB or error frequency. However, cultural diversity training was a statistically significant predictor (p < .001) and had a medium effect (.338) on CCB. PTs with cultural diversity training were approximately 5 times more likely to self-report high CCB. Therefore, cultural diversity training is an effective way to improve CCB in PT practice and is positively impactful to meeting the growing physical therapy needs of a diverse society.

Indexing (document details)
Advisor: Segal, David
Commitee: White, Earla
School: Walden University
Department: Public Health
School Location: United States -- Minnesota
Source: DAI-A 81/7(E), Dissertation Abstracts International
Subjects: Physical therapy, Multicultural Education, Health care management
Keywords: Cultural competence, Cultural Competence Assessment, Diversity, Education, Errors, Physical therapy
Publication Number: 27735682
ISBN: 9781392563199
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