Dissertation/Thesis Abstract

Development and Characterization of Rice Genotypes for Water Use Efficiency and Drought Resistance
by Kumar, Anuj, Ph.D., University of Arkansas, 2017, 337; 10639822
Abstract (Summary)

Rice, the second largest staple food crop, uses 30% of global fresh water to complete its life cycle worldwide. Water deficits worldwide have become a serious problem affecting rice growth and ultimately grain yield. To solve the water problem globally, improvement of water use efficiency (WUE) and other drought resistance (DR) traits in rice genotypes would be a useful strategy using advanced genomics tools. In this study, our objectives were to 1) analyze phenotypes of the USDA rice mini-core collection (URMC) for WUE and DR related traits, 2) correlate drought response phenes for physiological traits and grain yield in the URMC, 3) utilize molecular genetic dissection of WUE and DR using genome-wide association (GWA) analysis in the URMC, and 4) conduct genome-wide meta-analysis of QTLs for DR traits and grain yield components under drought stress. In the results, 35 rice genotypes showing ≤ 25% reduction, 14 rice genotypes exhibiting 25–40% reduction, and 8 rice genotypes showing ≥ 40% reduction, were drought resistant, moderate drought resistant, and drought-sensitive for WUE, photosynthesis, biomass, and other DR traits under drought stress, respectively. The results suggest from the correlation analysis that strong correlation exists between major grain yield components (number of spikelets per panicle, number of filled and unfilled grains per panicle) and major morpho-physiological traits (plant biomass, photosynthesis, and WUEi). In the GWA analysis, 24, 16, 26, 10, 19, 23, 7, 17, 11, 14, 17, 15, 29, 12, 18, and 19 significant SNPs were highly associated with WUEi, TR, stomatal conductance, Ci & Ci/Ca, plant biomass, NOTs, RWC, LR, chlorophyll content, and chlorophyll fluorescence (Fv’, Fm’, Fv’/Fm’, PhiPSII, ETR, and qN) and their identified candidate genes for WUEi and DR traits. In the meta-analysis, 13 genome-wide MQTLs were found useful containing higher number of QTLs, lower genetic distance with lower CI. Therefore, this information would be useful for the breeding community and geneticists to dissect the genetic architecture of WUE and DR traits for developing high yielding drought resistant rice genotypes.

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Indexing (document details)
Advisor: Pereira, Andy
Commitee: Moldenhauer, Karen A., Oosterhuis, Derrick M., Gbur, Edward E., Jr., Sha, Xueyan, Shi, Ainong
School: University of Arkansas
Department: Crop, Soil & Environmental Sciences
School Location: United States -- Arkansas
Source: DAI-B 81/5(E), Dissertation Abstracts International
Source Type: DISSERTATION
Subjects: Agriculture, Plant sciences
Keywords: Drought stress, Genome-wide association analysis, Genotypes, Meta-QTL analysis, Rice, Water use efficiency
Publication Number: 10639822
ISBN: 9781392433911
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