Background: The risk of anxiety and depression, among patients with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) is two to three times higher than the general population. Low screening rates suggest missed opportunities to identify depression and anxiety.
Purpose: The purpose of this quantitative project was to determine whether an evidence- based educational session for healthcare providers (HCP) regarding depression and anxiety-screening increased screening and referrals to mental health resources. Theoretical Framework: Rogers’ diffusion of innovations theory was used as the theoretical foundation and involves the process by which a new idea is communicated and diffused within a social system.
Project Method and Design: The quantitative pretest-posttest study design was used to measure the occurrence of depression and anxiety screening before and after the evidence- based educational session intervention was implemented.
Data Results: The sample consisted of 16 healthcare providers (HCPs). A paired t-test compared the results of screening rates prior and post-intervention. There was a statistically significant increase in the number of patients being screened for depression by providers when comparing pre versus post-intervention (p < 0.001). A similar trend was noted in the number of referrals being sent for psychological management pre versus post-intervention (p < 0.001).
Implications: There was increased screening rates and change in care paradigm of IBD patients. Recommendations for future projects include larger sample size and provide education sessions more efficiently given participants work demands.
|Commitee:||Padilla, Victor M.|
|School:||Grand Canyon University|
|Department:||College of Nursing and Health Care Professions|
|School Location:||United States -- Arizona|
|Source:||DAI-B 81/5(E), Dissertation Abstracts International|
|Subjects:||Nursing, Psychology, Mental health|
|Keywords:||Anxiety, Depression, Inflammatory bowel disease, Screening|
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