In the last years induced stem cells have become an important part of the stem cell research. Until now there are just few possibilities known of how to control the unspecific proliferation of differentiated pan neural progenitor cells. For further research induced murine stem cells which have been reprogramed with the 4 factors oct4, klf4, sox2 and c-myc were used. Other research showed that Erythropoetin (EPO) has an impact on cell survival, proliferation and differentiation of neuronal cells. This thesis analyzes if EPO also shows these effects on induced pan neural progenitor cells.
The cell viability has been analyzed via an MTT-assay. The results showed an increase of activity of the cell metabolism after 24 hours with 1 and 10U/ml EPO compared to a placebo group. The impact of EPO on the proliferation of cells has been analyzed on neurosphere cultures. Therefore groups of neurophere cultures treated with different EPO concentrations (0,1U/ml, 1U/ml and 10U/ml) were compared to a placebo group. The results showed a reduction of neurospheres with a diameter from >100µm when the EPO concentration was increased. On the contrary the number of neurospheres with a diameter from 50-100µm increased. The neuronal differentiation has been analyzed with a Tuj1 positive cell process assay in a monolayer culture. The number of cells with one process increased in the EPO group compared to the placebo group. Additionally a FACS was used to proof the proliferation inhibition of EPO. Therefore the cells were marked with CFSE and added to a placebo or EPO (1U/ml and 3U/ml) solution. A significant rise of CFSE concentration with an increasing EPO concentration after 48 and 72 hours could be shown. A western blot further showed the impact of EPO on the cells: It was shown that the used 4 factor induced pan neural progenitor cells (4F ipnp-cells) possess a functional EPO receptor whose expression can be raised through EPO.
It was shown that EPO reduces the proliferation, but increases the cell viability and cell proliferation. These results are dependent on many factors. Therefore more research is needed.
|Advisor:||Sirén , Anna-Leena|
|School:||Bayerische Julius-Maximilians-Universitaet Wuerzburg (Germany)|
|Source:||DAI-C 81/5(E), Dissertation Abstracts International|
|Keywords:||Stem cell research|
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