Dissertation/Thesis Abstract

Effects of Cautiousness and Gender upon Avoidant Coping and Symptoms of Depression
by Carroll, Jennifer M., Psy.D., Capella University, 2019, 134; 27543467
Abstract (Summary)

The interrelation of personality traits has been widely investigated within the psychological research community, yet such studies have largely investigated personality traits within the context of the five broad domains as defined by the five factor model of personality (McCann, Duckworth, & Roberts, 2009; Costa & McCrae, 1992). Empirically identified as a major facet of conscientiousness, it has also been proposed that the specific, lower-level facets of conscientiousness, such as cautiousness, be further studied to gain a better understanding of individually expressed personality traits (Dudley, Orvis, Lebiecki, & Cortina, 2006; McCann et al., 2009). The researcher examined the effects of the inhibitive aspects of cautiousness and gender upon avoidant coping (as delineated by usage and helpfulness) and symptoms of depression in the general United States’ population. A 2 × 3 MANOVA design was used for the analysis. A sample size of 98 individuals ages 18 to 65 years old were selected through convenience sampling from the general United States population. A Tukey HSD post-hoc analysis also was conducted to further explore the nature of the relationships between groups. The results of the MANOVA revealed a statistically significant main effect in the linear variate of the three levels of cautiousness, gender, avoidant coping (as delineated by upon usage and helpfulness), and symptoms of depression [F(6, 180) = 2.239, p = .041; Wilks’ Λ = .866, η2 = .069]. Results also determined significant interactions within the three levels of cautiousness (high, medium, and low) and symptoms of depression, accounting for 12% of the variance in depression scores. However, no such significant interactions were found for avoidant coping (as delineated by usage and helpfulness). Post-hoc analyses revealed significant differences between the medium group to the high group (p = .017) and the low group to the high group (p = .003). Further research could prove helpful in the further exploration of the lower level facets of the five factor model of personality and how they interact with other psychological constructs.

Indexing (document details)
Advisor: Wowra, Scott
Commitee: Ofei-Dodoo, Samuel, Miller, Jerry
School: Capella University
Department: Harold Abel School of Psychology
School Location: United States -- Minnesota
Source: DAI-B 81/4(E), Dissertation Abstracts International
Subjects: Psychology, Personality psychology
Keywords: Avoidant coping, Cautiousness, Five factor model of personality, Symptoms of depression
Publication Number: 27543467
ISBN: 9781392801840
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