The Confucian metaphysical philosophy devalued material artifacts. As a result, architecture was not traditionally seen as a scholarly field. Architectural study as a formal academic discipline began only in the last decades of the Qing Dynasty (1644–1911) when it was introduced as a field of study by Westerners. Since then, Chinese scholars have produced a significant body of architectural history that has helped shape the way that Chinese people think of architecture. The objective of this analytical study is to provide a history of the writings of the most important architectural historians who worked during the first stage of the discipline's development in China from both within China and abroad.
Noting that the belated modernization was an unspoken factor that influenced all of these architectural histories, this dissertation examines the existing architectural texts with a specific interest in the nationalistic ideology underpinning their interpretations of architectural images both traditional and modern. Five groups of architectural historians who were involved in the formation of this discipline are examined. They are (1) Western Sinologists, including John Calvin Ferguson (1866–1945), Walter Perceval Yetts (1878–1957), Osvald Sirén (1879–1966), Carroll Brown Malone (1886–1973), Paul Demiéville (1894–1979), and Gustav Ecke (1896–1971), among others; (2) progressive Chinese intellectuals such as Yue Jiazao (1868–1944), Zhu Qiqian (1872–1964) and the fellows of the Society for Research in Chinese Architecture (1930–1945); (3) culturally conservative architectural professionals trained abroad, represented by Liang Sicheng (1901–1972) and Lin Huiyin (1904–1955); (4) architectural modernists, of whom, the most insightful was probably Tong Jun (1900–1983); and (5) socialist writers Hu Man (1904–1986) and Feng Zikai (1898–1975).
The Chinese historians listed above exemplified a confident local response to foreign input. They interwove Confucian collectivism with Western architectural history to fulfill the need for a national identity caused by the asynchronous modernization. This is particularly embodied in the methodologies and historical styles that they remodeled. By scrutinizing these historical texts, this dissertation provides another perspective on the history of global architecture.
|School Location:||United States -- New York|
|Source:||DAI-A 71/03, Dissertation Abstracts International|
|Subjects:||History, Art history, Modern history, Architecture|
|Keywords:||20th century, Architectural historiography, China, Historicization, Modern architecture, Nationalism|
Copyright in each Dissertation and Thesis is retained by the author. All Rights Reserved
The supplemental file or files you are about to download were provided to ProQuest by the author as part of a
dissertation or thesis. The supplemental files are provided "AS IS" without warranty. ProQuest is not responsible for the
content, format or impact on the supplemental file(s) on our system. in some cases, the file type may be unknown or
may be a .exe file. We recommend caution as you open such files.
Copyright of the original materials contained in the supplemental file is retained by the author and your access to the
supplemental files is subject to the ProQuest Terms and Conditions of use.
Depending on the size of the file(s) you are downloading, the system may take some time to download them. Please be