Stress is an inevitable factor in the modern workforce, yet chronic stress can lead to burnout and plays a significant role in employee wellbeing and productivity. Organizations have implemented a variety of different stress-management interventions (SMIs) to help their employees cope more effectively with stress. Previous literature on SMIs suggests that Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT) based interventions were most effective in improving employee quality of life, decreasing perceived stress, and decreasing symptoms of anxiety, depression, and burnout. Additionally, this literature found that shorter treatment interventions were associated with larger effect sizes. While there is widespread support for the use of CBT-based SMIs in the workplace, there is limited research assessing time-limited interventions. The present study examines the utility and feasibility of a brief, two-hour CBT-based SMI implemented at a medium-sized company based in New York, NY. Thirty-five employees participated in the intervention, of which 69% identified as female, 31% as male, 83% identified as White, 14% as Other, and 3% as Asian, and the mean age was 28.7. Of these thirty-five employees, eighteen (51%) completed the follow-up assessments. A focus group was conducted prior to the intervention to develop context-specific material. The intervention focused on social norming, cognitive reframing, and stress reduction skills. Participants completed two online assessments: one at pre-intervention and one at the 8-week follow-up. Outcome measures included quantitative assessments for perceived stress, anxiety, burnout, and cognitive reframing, and qualitative measures on participant experience during the intervention. Results from the quantitative data show that this intervention had no significant impact on psychological symptom reduction and did not increase the use of cognitive reframing at follow-up. However, qualitative analyses show that employees found the intervention useful, with 69% of participants reporting that they will try Cognitive Reframing to help them manage their stress and 54% reporting that they will try Mini Habits, a stress reduction skill. Additionally, 66% reported that they most enjoyed the social norming exercise and that it made them feel less isolated with their stress. The results of this study suggest that two-hours may not be enough time to significantly increase employee wellbeing but may be enough to teach employees new skills and normalize their stress.
|Advisor:||Taylor, C. Barr|
|Commitee:||Luce, Kristine, Bankman, Joseph|
|School:||Palo Alto University|
|School Location:||United States -- California|
|Source:||DAI-A 81/4(E), Dissertation Abstracts International|
|Subjects:||Clinical psychology, Organizational behavior, Psychology|
|Keywords:||Employee health, Organizational psychology, Psychology, Stress, Stress management, Work-related stress|
Copyright in each Dissertation and Thesis is retained by the author. All Rights Reserved
The supplemental file or files you are about to download were provided to ProQuest by the author as part of a
dissertation or thesis. The supplemental files are provided "AS IS" without warranty. ProQuest is not responsible for the
content, format or impact on the supplemental file(s) on our system. in some cases, the file type may be unknown or
may be a .exe file. We recommend caution as you open such files.
Copyright of the original materials contained in the supplemental file is retained by the author and your access to the
supplemental files is subject to the ProQuest Terms and Conditions of use.
Depending on the size of the file(s) you are downloading, the system may take some time to download them. Please be