Dissertation/Thesis Abstract

Work Ethic and Work Orientation Across Trinidad and Tobago Generational Cohorts
by Thomas, Paula B., Ph.D., The Chicago School of Professional Psychology, 2019, 279; 22624603
Abstract (Summary)

The drastic decline of the work ethic of the Trinidad and Tobago working population is plaguing the individuals’ and organizations’ performance, thereby exacerbating the currently depressed economy. This quantitative, predictive study was designed to determine the extent that work orientation predicted work ethic across three generational cohorts and three industries while controlling for education, gender, position, tenure, income, religion, and ethnicity. Utilizing a post-positivist philosophical framework, the Protestant Work Ethic and generational theories provided the theoretical framework for this study. Applying the non-probability, criterion sampling technique, 1,578 employees from a sample organization in T&T were invited to complete the survey instrument, which included the Multidimensional Work Ethic Profile- SF, Calling and Vocational Questionnaire, and the Multidimensional Calling Measure. A total of 353 responses were received, of which 291 were used for the data analysis. The results of a MANCOVA indicated there were no significant mean differences in work ethic and work orientation across the three generational cohorts. The results of a four-level hierarchical ANCOVA model indicated there were no significant two-way interaction effects. However, a simplified main effect model indicated there was a highly statistically significant effect of ‘presence of a calling’ only on work ethic (p < .001), explaining approximately 10% of the variance in work ethic. These results will furnish the senior executives in the sample organization with the insights to develop recruitment, selection and retention programs identifying and targeting individuals with a ‘presence of a calling’ to improve both the employees’ overall well-being and organizational performance.

Indexing (document details)
Advisor: Wanner, Kristy
Commitee: Cheema, Jehanzeb, Charles, Kwame
School: The Chicago School of Professional Psychology
Department: Business Psychology: Consulting Track
School Location: United States -- Illinois
Source: DAI-A 81/4(E), Dissertation Abstracts International
Subjects: Organizational behavior, Organization Theory, Caribbean Studies
Keywords: Calling, Generational Cohort, Trinidad and Tobago, Work Ethic, Work Orientation
Publication Number: 22624603
ISBN: 9781392639184
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