Dissertation/Thesis Abstract

Uncovering the Role of Biofilm Matrix Proteins in Vibrio cholerae Biofilm Formation
by Kiblen, Joseph, M.S., University of California, Santa Cruz, 2019, 96; 22623182
Abstract (Summary)

Vibrio cholerae biofilm formation is central to both pathogenicity and environmental persistence. The matrix proteins RbmA, Bap1, and RbmC along with Vibrio-exopolysaccharide (VPS) provide the foundation for biofilm architecture. Through genetic analysis and extracellular complementation assays, we demonstrate that Bap1 and RbmC both contain VCBS and Lectin domains that discretely contribute to biofilm formation. We determined that Bap1 and RbmC both interact with RbmA, providing an explanation for their functional redundancy. Further characterization of interactions of matrix components revealed that Bap1 but not RbmC can interact with VPS. We also analyzed posttranslational regulatory controls on matrix protein stability and found that HapA is the primary protease responsible for degradation of Bap1 and RbmC. To understand how matrix interactions impact protein stability, we identified that biofilm architectural components contribute to protease activity, indicating that structural integrity potentiates matrix proteolysis. These findings fill a crucial knowledge gap regarding biofilm formation and the subsequent degradation during Vibrio cholerae biofilm formation.

Indexing (document details)
Advisor: Yildiz, Fitnat H
Commitee: Yildiz, Fitnat H, Ottemann, Karen M, Millhauser, Glenn L
School: University of California, Santa Cruz
Department: Microbiology and Environmental Toxicology
School Location: United States -- California
Source: MAI 81/4(E), Masters Abstracts International
Source Type: DISSERTATION
Subjects: Microbiology, Molecular biology, Molecular chemistry
Keywords:
Publication Number: 22623182
ISBN: 9781687997319
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