Appetitive aggression has been linked to feelings of power, enjoyment to injure, aim to hurt and identification with the aggressor. This study addressed perpetrators’ repetitious acts of intimate partner violence (IPV) and explored whether appetitive aggression is the underlying motivation in the reoffending of IPV repeat offenders. Intimate partner violence impacts millions of victims and its descendants annually. The purpose of this quantitative correlational study was to examine appetitive aggression predicted by violence in IPV repeat offenders (i.e. number of IPV arrests or perpetrated offenses, IPV appetitive aggressive events, and Domestic and Community Violence events). A sample of 43 IPV repeat male offenders participated in this study. Results did not reflect a significant relationship between number of arrests and appetitive aggression, and this was unexpected as number of arrests was found to not contribute to appetitive aggression. Appetitive aggression increased with the number of appetitive aggressive events, and appetitive aggression increased with domestic and community violence events. These results were not unexpected linking appetitive aggressive events and violent behavior in the community to appetitive aggression. The predictive relationship between appetitive aggression and number of arrests, number of appetitive aggressive events, and domestic community violence events after controlling for age and education were explored. Results showed number of arrests can be a significant predictor of appetitive aggression when controlling for age; age and education need to be taken into account with the number of appetitive aggressive events to predict appetitive aggression; and, lastly, domestic community violence events and age and education were independently predictive of appetitive aggression. The study findings contributed to GAM theory framework. Future research may further explore appetitive aggression in IPV repeat offenders engaging in qualitative or mixed research methods to advance research, treatment interventions for IPV repeat offenders, and to prevent the cycle of violence.
|Advisor:||Pitchford, Daniel B.|
|Commitee:||McNamara, Patrick, Blackwell, Mary|
|Department:||School of Psychology|
|School Location:||United States -- California|
|Source:||DAI-B 81/4(E), Dissertation Abstracts International|
|Subjects:||Social psychology, Behavioral psychology|
|Keywords:||Appetitive aggression, Cycle of violence, Domestic violence, General aggression model, Intimate partner violence, Intimate partner violence and mental health|
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