Dissertation/Thesis Abstract

A Comparison of the Relationship between Gender Adherence, Sex, and Attitudes toward Individuals with a Mental Illness
by Reimer, Brooke, M.S., San Jose State University, 2019, 61; 22619484
Abstract (Summary)

Attitudes toward persons with a mental illness consist of four main dimensions: Authoritarianism, benevolence, social restrictiveness, and community mental health ideology. Attitude differences on these dimensions have been found among many types of groups, including age, race, and educational attainment. Sex and gender adherence have been cited as other such factors, but two major issues are present: past researchers have reported inconsistent findings regarding attitude differences and the terms are used interchangeably in research literature despite conceptual differences. Using data from 187 individuals from a survey, the current study tested sex differences and gender adherence differences in attitude toward mental illness independent of each other; incremental effects of gender adherence beyond sex and sex beyond gender adherence were also tested. Results showed no sex differences on all dimension of attitudes, suggesting that sex is not related to attitudes toward persons with a mental illness. Gender adherence differences were found to a limited extent: participants who adhered to feminine gender reported more benevolence than did participants who adhered to no gender. No other gender adherence differences were found. No incremental effects of sex were present above and beyond the effects of gender adherence; however, there was a significant incremental effect of gender adherence above and beyond the effect of sex, but only for the benevolence dimension, suggesting that gender adherence is a better predictor of benevolent attitudes than is sex.

Indexing (document details)
Advisor: Tokunaga, Howard T
Commitee: Hosoda, Megumi, Weisman-Davlantes, Lisa
School: San Jose State University
Department: Psychology-Industrial/Organizational
School Location: United States -- California
Source: MAI 81/4(E), Masters Abstracts International
Subjects: Gender studies, Psychology, Social psychology
Keywords: Attitudes, Gender, Gender Adherence, Gender Identity, Mental Illness, Sex Identity
Publication Number: 22619484
ISBN: 9781687963550
Copyright © 2021 ProQuest LLC. All rights reserved. Terms and Conditions Privacy Policy Cookie Policy