Dissertation/Thesis Abstract

The Mediating Effect of Mindfulness on the Relationship between Mental Illness Self-stigma and General Psychological Distress: A Cross-sectional Study
by Martin, Timothy J., M.A., University of Hawai'i at Manoa, 2019, 59; 13898799
Abstract (Summary)

Mental illness self-stigma is the devaluation, shame, secrecy, and social withdrawal triggered by applying negative stereotypes about mental illness to oneself. Evidence suggests that this form of self-stigma is associated with increased psychological distress and reduced quality of life. Mindfulness is the process of non-judgmental and accepting attention to experiences in the present moment, which may account for the link between mental illness self-stigma and psychological distress. The proposed cross-sectional survey of a non-clinical college sample aimed to investigate (1) whether mental illness self-stigma is positively associated with psychological distress and (2) whether mindfulness mediates the association between mental illness self-stigma and psychological distress. The results of the study revealed that mental illness self-stigma (and a modified version intended to capture self-stigma for general psychological distress) is positively associated with psychological distress and that mindfulness acts as a partial mediator on this relationship. Mindfulness may partially explain this link by capturing how individuals mentally process the negative associations of mental illness stereotypes.

Indexing (document details)
Advisor: Masuda, Akihiko
Commitee: Cicero, David, Barile, John P
School: University of Hawai'i at Manoa
Department: Psychology
School Location: United States -- Hawaii
Source: MAI 81/4(E), Masters Abstracts International
Subjects: Clinical psychology
Keywords: college, distress, mediates, mindfulness, self-stigma, stigma
Publication Number: 13898799
ISBN: 9781687931764
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