Mental illness self-stigma is the devaluation, shame, secrecy, and social withdrawal triggered by applying negative stereotypes about mental illness to oneself. Evidence suggests that this form of self-stigma is associated with increased psychological distress and reduced quality of life. Mindfulness is the process of non-judgmental and accepting attention to experiences in the present moment, which may account for the link between mental illness self-stigma and psychological distress. The proposed cross-sectional survey of a non-clinical college sample aimed to investigate (1) whether mental illness self-stigma is positively associated with psychological distress and (2) whether mindfulness mediates the association between mental illness self-stigma and psychological distress. The results of the study revealed that mental illness self-stigma (and a modified version intended to capture self-stigma for general psychological distress) is positively associated with psychological distress and that mindfulness acts as a partial mediator on this relationship. Mindfulness may partially explain this link by capturing how individuals mentally process the negative associations of mental illness stereotypes.
|Commitee:||Cicero, David, Barile, John P|
|School:||University of Hawai'i at Manoa|
|School Location:||United States -- Hawaii|
|Source:||MAI 81/4(E), Masters Abstracts International|
|Keywords:||college, distress, mediates, mindfulness, self-stigma, stigma|
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