Mixed martial arts (MMA) has captivated audiences due to it being an unarmed combat sport that promotes the many different styles of martial arts. However, controversial due to the procedures taken by athletes to make weight for competition. Despite consequences of weight cutting being well known, the psychological processes underlying the weight cut have been predominantly under researched, alongside the psychological outcome of perceived self-efficacy to make weight towards competition. The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationship between self-regulation and perceived self-efficacy to make weight in MMA athletes. This survey was administered to 46 amateur & professional MMA athletes (43 males; 3 females). Ages ranged from 19-36 with the majority of athletes competing in the Southern California area. The survey questions included duration and methods to cut weight, the Self-Regulation of Eating Attitudes Sport Scale (SREASS), Perceived Self-Efficacy to Regulate Weight (PSE-MW) and Mixed Martial Arts Competence Self-Efficacy Scale (MMA-CSES). SREASS measured eating attitudes using five subscales including (a) food temptation, (b) negative affect, (c) social interactions, (d) lack of compensatory strategy, and (e) lack of anticipation of consequences on performance. A Pearson’s correlation revealed a significant positive relationship between the subscale negative affect (SREASS) and perceived self-efficacy to make weight, r = .31, p < .05., and self-efficacy to perform MMA skills, r = .39, p < .05. This indicated that athletes who were more capable of maintaining self-control in times of distress, anxiousness, and irritability were more likely to feel confident to be able to make weight and perform. Future research should look to investigate how self-regulation functions to regulate combat athletes towards mental preparedness for competition.
|Commitee:||Alencar, Michelle, Vargas, Tiffanye|
|School:||California State University, Long Beach|
|School Location:||United States -- California|
|Source:||MAI 81/3(E), Masters Abstracts International|
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