This thesis examines several representations and discourses on homosexuality in Senegal. It explores the continuities and discontinuities, both epistemological and discursive, which construct those different representations and discourses. In many African countries, sexual relationships between persons of the same sex are increasingly subjected to a considerable denial. In Senegal the legal repression of homosexuality is predicated on the article 319 of the Criminal Code, which allows the conviction of those found guilty with up to five years imprisonment. The issue of homosexuality has been often depicted by religious leaders and authorities as a sign of “depravity” and “vice” resulting from colonialism and the continuous contact with western civilisation. In 2008, this legal and religious condemnation was accompanied by the increasing of homophobic attacks, with the desecration of graves of perceived gay people in Dakar. Based on fieldwork research, several interviews and visit to the archives, this research aims to document the circulation and transformation of diverse representations and discourses of same-sex sexuality in Senegal. Drawing on discourse analysis as well as post-colonial and gender theories this dissertation interrogates how same-sex sexuality symbolizes an object of confrontation between different actors within the Senegalese society. First, it retraces the myth of an ‘heterosexual Africa’ from the end of 19e century to the mid-twenties. Second, through the analysis of the development of Senegalese religious discourses on homosexuality it helps to grasp how this topic became a polemical issue since the late 1980s. Third, it examines the emergence of new political claims of gay and lesbian people in contemporary Senegal. finally, it describes the way literature and cinema offer another perspective on same-sex intimacy and highlights the necessary imagination at stake beyond the process of representation.
|School:||Universitaet Bayreuth (Germany)|
|Source:||DAI-C 81/4(E), Dissertation Abstracts International|
|Subjects:||Sexuality, LGBTQ studies, North African Studies, Rhetoric|
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