In 2016, San Francisco (SF), CA implemented the now widely-spread Law Enforcement Assisted Diversion (LEAD), a harm reduction-based pre-booking diversion program for low-level drug offenders and sex workers. LEAD is an incarceration alternative that focuses on addressing individuals’ underlying criminogenic needs by redirecting them from criminal justice system involvement into harm reduction and community-based health and social services. Existing LEAD studies indicate some program success in reducing recidivism and improving LEAD participant life outcomes. However, less is known about LEAD program implementation, including the conditions that lead to implementation barriers and facilitators. This study addresses this gap by conducting a process evaluation of LEAD implementation in SF. Relying on policy documents and interviews and focus groups with program implementers (i.e., street-level bureaucrats), this study describes the development, operations, adaptations, and changes of LEAD SF and identifies the unique mechanism-context relationships of LEAD in SF that led to implementation barriers and facilitators. Results show that LEAD SF experienced success in collaboration, relationship building, and client connections to services but experienced challenges in securing and maintaining officer buy-in and keeping clear and open lines of communication regarding LEAD goals, objectives, policies, and procedures.
|Commitee:||Malm, Aili, Binnall, James|
|School:||California State University, Long Beach|
|Department:||Criminology, Criminal Justice and Emergency Management, School of|
|School Location:||United States -- California|
|Source:||MAI 81/3(E), Masters Abstracts International|
|Subjects:||Criminology, Law enforcement|
|Keywords:||Law enforcement assisted diversion, Pre-booking diversion, Process evaluation, Program fidelity, Program implementation, Realistic evaluation|
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