Dissertation/Thesis Abstract

The Relationship Between Media Literacy and Body Image in Adolescent Girls
by Winterton, Kara, M.S., California State University, Long Beach, 2019, 60; 22585125
Abstract (Summary)

The transition from childhood into adulthood is a very critical time in life. Adolescence is a time of growth and maturation and these years are essential for developing healthy body esteem. With the rise in use of technology and social media, it is important to recognize how this media affects adolescents’ eating attitudes and body esteem. Messages on social media may lead to the internalization of the media-thin ideal which drives adolescents toward a desire to be thin and may negatively influence health behaviors. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the relationship between media literacy and body esteem in adolescent girls. Findings from this research suggest a relationship between media literacy and body image in adolescent girls. There was a negative relationship between total media attitudes scores and total body esteem scores (-.583, p=.037) and between the media attitudes questionaiire realism skepticism subscale scores and body esteem scores (-.817, p<.001). Additionally, this found a negative relationship between Critical Thinking about Media Messages – Appearance Focused scores and body esteem scores (-.589, p=.044). These findings suggest that there is a significant relationship between media literacy scores and body esteem scores in adolescent girls. Continued research on the impact of media literacy on body esteem is necessary to inform the creation, testing, and implementation of media literacy programs that focus on body esteem.

Indexing (document details)
Advisor: Gray, Virginia
Commitee: Blaine, Rachel, Sauceda, Amanda
School: California State University, Long Beach
Department: Family and Consumer Sciences
School Location: United States -- California
Source: MAI 81/3(E), Masters Abstracts International
Subjects: Mass communications, Behavioral psychology
Keywords: Adolescence, Healthy body esteem, Social media
Publication Number: 22585125
ISBN: 9781088348239
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