This paper seeks to demonstrate that since their arrival in France in 1962, the harkis, former auxiliaries in the French army during the Algerian war of Independence (1954-1962) have been victims of marginalization, isolation, discrimination and non-identity. This paper will highlight the conditions harkis and their families faced in the “temporary” camps and argue that they were deliberately marginalized and isolated from greater French society because it was believed that they were not ready for “European life.” An overview of the rise of protests and revolts initiated by the children of the harkis, the creation of what we can call a harki identity and the “identity crisis” suffered amongst the members of the harki community are highlighted and explored. The specific measures taken to help integrate the harkis and their children in greater French society are explored through compensations and measures in the areas of housing, education, vocational training and employment. Policy recommendations will be proposed in order to help improve the conditions faced by the second and third generation harkis to combat against isolation, discrimination, marginalization and racism.
|School:||The American University of Paris (France)|
|Source:||MAI 81/3(E), Masters Abstracts International|
|Subjects:||Ethnic studies, Peace Studies, Public policy, International Relations, Public administration|
|Keywords:||Algerian war of Independence, France, Harkis, Marginalized , French society|
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