This study explored the relationship between art therapy and dialectical behavioral therapy (DBT) specifically in how it can help increase emotional regulation and decrease experienced stress. There is a need for emotional regulation and stress reduction strategies among college students because of their increased risk for stress due to factors like academic pressure, work, and transition to living away from home. Approximately twelve (n= 12) college students participated to examine how art therapy and modified DBT can aid in emotional regulation and stress reduction. Participants were randomly assigned to either a control (writing) group or an experimental (art) group and received approximately 1 hour of modified DBT skills training followed by either a 20-minute writing intervention or 20-minute art intervention using clay. Quantitative measures included The Perceived Stress Scale 10 (PSS-10) (Cohen & Williamson, 1988) and the Difficulties in Emotion Regulation Scale (DERS) (Gratz & Roemer, 2004). Additionally, an adapted skills retention questionnaire assessed differences between the control and experimental conditions for skill retention. It was hypothesized that when engaged in a kinesthetic modality utilizing art, in addition to modified DBT, emotional regulation will increase, and experienced stress will decrease in college students. The writing and clay groups saw a statistically significant reduction on the DERS subscale: difficulty engaging in goal-directed behavior. The mean scores for the DERS increased over time for the writing group and decreased for the clay group. PSS-10 results were mixed. Writing and clay manipulation samples were also analyzed for insight into this important study.
|Department:||Creative Arts Therapy|
|School Location:||United States -- New York|
|Source:||MAI 81/2(E), Masters Abstracts International|
|Subjects:||Psychology, Behavioral psychology, Clinical psychology|
|Keywords:||Art therapy, DBT, Dialectical behavior therapy, Emotional regulation, Experienced stress, Kinesthetic modality|
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