The purpose of this study was to examine athletes’ experiences with coaches who have either high or low expectations (i.e., as perceived by the athletes) for them. The present study employs a qualitative research design. Existential phenomenology is a qualitative research method that seeks to describe lived experiences. This research design provided the self-fulfilling prophecy framework to understand athletes’ perceptions of high and low expectancy coaches’ coaching style. The interview guide was created from Fiske and Taylor (1991) rendition of the Expectancy Confirmation Model. Participants (N = 20) were asked to describe their experience with both a high and low expectancy coach they encountered at some point in their sport career. All responses were recorded and transcribed, and the data were analyzed through a series of iterations, which led to the identification of five themes that constitute athletes’ experiences with high and low expectancy coaches. The five themes derived from the athletes’ reports were the following: overall coach approach, feedback, mistakes, team culture, and life beyond sport. These five themes were consistent in both high and low expectancy coaches. Athletes perceived that high expectancy coaches ultimately provided athletes with a positive sport experience while developing them into better athletes and better people, whereas low expectancy coaches ultimately provided athletes with a negative sport experience decreasing athletes’ enjoyment, effort, and motivation. Future research should consider coaches’ perceptions of their athletes to compare to the athletes’ perceptions of their coaches.
|Advisor:||Fry, Mary D.|
|Commitee:||Phillips, Darrell, Harvey, Susan|
|School:||University of Kansas|
|Department:||Health, Sport and Exercise Sciences|
|School Location:||United States -- Kansas|
|Source:||MAI 81/2(E), Masters Abstracts International|
|Subjects:||Occupational psychology, Educational leadership, Sports Management|
Copyright in each Dissertation and Thesis is retained by the author. All Rights Reserved
The supplemental file or files you are about to download were provided to ProQuest by the author as part of a
dissertation or thesis. The supplemental files are provided "AS IS" without warranty. ProQuest is not responsible for the
content, format or impact on the supplemental file(s) on our system. in some cases, the file type may be unknown or
may be a .exe file. We recommend caution as you open such files.
Copyright of the original materials contained in the supplemental file is retained by the author and your access to the
supplemental files is subject to the ProQuest Terms and Conditions of use.
Depending on the size of the file(s) you are downloading, the system may take some time to download them. Please be