Dissertation/Thesis Abstract

Sourcing Bifaces from the Alexander Collection at Poverty Point (16WC5) Using VNIR (Visible/Near-infrared Reflectance) and FTIR (Fourier Transform Infrared Reflectance) Spectroscopy
by Sherman, Simon P., III, M.A., Mississippi State University, 2019, 97; 13903180
Abstract (Summary)

Poverty Point is a monumental earthwork center dating to the Late Archaic Period (ca. 3700-3100 Cal BP). The site is well known for its diverse collection of foreign lithic materials indicative of a wide-ranging acquisition network. Among the extra-local items recovered from the site are lithic raw materials that were used for bifaces in the form of projectile points and/or knives (PP/Ks). Here, I determined the atomic and molecular composition of 847 bifaces from the Alexander Collection using Visible/Near-Infrared Reflectance (VNIR) and Fourier-Transform Infrared Reflectance (FTIR) spectroscopy. The combined wavelength spectra datasets were compared to a raw material database to determine the location of the parent formations from which the raw materials were obtained. The PP/K raw materials analyzed were sourced to outcrops stretching across the Southeast, Mid-South and Mid-West.

Indexing (document details)
Advisor: Miller, Shane D.
Commitee: Peacock, Evan, Hardin, James W., Greenlee, Diana M., Parish, Ryan M.
School: Mississippi State University
Department: Sociology, Anthropology, and Social Work
School Location: United States -- Mississippi
Source: MAI 81/2(E), Masters Abstracts International
Subjects: Archaeology
Keywords: Archaeometry, FTIR Spectroscopy, Lithic sourcing, Poverty point, Southeastern archaeology, VNIR Spectroscopy
Publication Number: 13903180
ISBN: 9781085763240
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