Poverty Point is a monumental earthwork center dating to the Late Archaic Period (ca. 3700-3100 Cal BP). The site is well known for its diverse collection of foreign lithic materials indicative of a wide-ranging acquisition network. Among the extra-local items recovered from the site are lithic raw materials that were used for bifaces in the form of projectile points and/or knives (PP/Ks). Here, I determined the atomic and molecular composition of 847 bifaces from the Alexander Collection using Visible/Near-Infrared Reflectance (VNIR) and Fourier-Transform Infrared Reflectance (FTIR) spectroscopy. The combined wavelength spectra datasets were compared to a raw material database to determine the location of the parent formations from which the raw materials were obtained. The PP/K raw materials analyzed were sourced to outcrops stretching across the Southeast, Mid-South and Mid-West.
|Advisor:||Miller, Shane D.|
|Commitee:||Peacock, Evan, Hardin, James W., Greenlee, Diana M., Parish, Ryan M.|
|School:||Mississippi State University|
|Department:||Sociology, Anthropology, and Social Work|
|School Location:||United States -- Mississippi|
|Source:||MAI 81/2(E), Masters Abstracts International|
|Keywords:||Archaeometry, FTIR Spectroscopy, Lithic sourcing, Poverty point, Southeastern archaeology, VNIR Spectroscopy|
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