Continuous armed conflict in Libya and Syria, beginning in 2011, resulted in the movement of large numbers of individuals from the Middle East and North Africa into Europe. The arrival of refugees and asylum seekers coincided with 32 attacks in the European Union carried out by Islamic State (ISIS) sympathizers. Factions within the EU posited that nefarious institutions such as ISIS used the movement of refugees to smuggle fighters into the EU, and that anti-smuggling and anti-trafficking initiatives could be used to prevent institutions such as ISIS from conducting terrorist attacks. However, close scrutiny of the attacks illustrate that the underlying security failure was not a result of anti-trafficking or anti-smuggling measures, but rather the asylum process itself. This paper proves that there is no link between anti-smuggling and anti-trafficking initiatives and the success rate of high profile terrorist attacks in the EU between 2014 and 2017. During this period, foreign terrorist organizations (FTO) did not rely on smuggling or trafficking to gain access to the EU in order to conduct attacks, or to generate revenue to support attacks.
|Advisor:||Williams, Paul D., Lagadec, Erwan|
|School:||The George Washington University|
|Department:||Security Policy Studies|
|School Location:||United States -- District of Columbia|
|Source:||MAI 81/2(E), Masters Abstracts International|
|Keywords:||Asylum, ISIS, Refugees, Terrorism|
Copyright in each Dissertation and Thesis is retained by the author. All Rights Reserved
The supplemental file or files you are about to download were provided to ProQuest by the author as part of a
dissertation or thesis. The supplemental files are provided "AS IS" without warranty. ProQuest is not responsible for the
content, format or impact on the supplemental file(s) on our system. in some cases, the file type may be unknown or
may be a .exe file. We recommend caution as you open such files.
Copyright of the original materials contained in the supplemental file is retained by the author and your access to the
supplemental files is subject to the ProQuest Terms and Conditions of use.
Depending on the size of the file(s) you are downloading, the system may take some time to download them. Please be