A large-scale quantum computer will have the ability to solve many computational problems beyond the capabilities of today's most powerful computers. Significant efforts to build such a computer are underway, many of which are small prototypes that are believed to be extensible to larger systems. Such systems, like the one in this thesis built off of 171Yb+ ions, are enticing scientific endeavors for their potential to inform the production of large-scale systems, as well as the interesting experiments they can perform. In this work, experimental research is presented on both topics: scalability as well as compelling computations.
The first half of this thesis discusses building and optimizing a quantum computer to have high-fidelity qubit operations. An experimental architecture that allows for individual addressing and individual detection of qubits is presented alongside a discussion of errors and error-reduction. We derive the coherent manipulation of qubits using Raman lasers for rotational gates and the criteria necessary for multi-qubit entangling gates. Methods for efficiently fulfilling these criteria are presented with experimental data. Lastly, we consider coherence-related properties of the system necessary to perform these operations and how they can be experimentally improved.
The second half of the thesis features three experimental applications of the quantum computer: quantifying quantum scrambling, applying a quantum error correction code, and measuring Rényi entropy. Quantum scrambling is the coherent delocalization of information through a quantum system and is notably difficult to quantify experimentally. We present an efficient scheme to measure it using quantum teleportation. Quantum error correction is a set of techniques for mitigating the effect of imperfect operations performed on a quantum computer, and we demonstrate some of these techniques in order to fault-tolerantly prepare a logical qubit. Lastly, Rényi entropy is an information theoretic quantity that can be used to directly quantify the amount of entanglement in a system. We present a method for measuring it efficiently using a quantum gate known as a Fredkin gate.
|Commitee:||Hafezi, Mohammad, Bub, Jeffrey, Milchberg, Howard, Murphy, Thomas E.|
|School:||University of Maryland, College Park|
|School Location:||United States -- Maryland|
|Source:||DAI-B 81/1(E), Dissertation Abstracts International|
|Subjects:||Atomic physics, Quantum physics, Physics|
|Keywords:||Atomic physics, Entanglememt, Ion trap, Quantum computing, Scrambling|
Copyright in each Dissertation and Thesis is retained by the author. All Rights Reserved
The supplemental file or files you are about to download were provided to ProQuest by the author as part of a
dissertation or thesis. The supplemental files are provided "AS IS" without warranty. ProQuest is not responsible for the
content, format or impact on the supplemental file(s) on our system. in some cases, the file type may be unknown or
may be a .exe file. We recommend caution as you open such files.
Copyright of the original materials contained in the supplemental file is retained by the author and your access to the
supplemental files is subject to the ProQuest Terms and Conditions of use.
Depending on the size of the file(s) you are downloading, the system may take some time to download them. Please be