Dissertation/Thesis Abstract

Effect of Smoking on Kidney and Cardiovascular Health in Consideration of Health Disparities
by Modi, Nand Janakbhai, M.P.H., California State University, Long Beach, 2019, 101; 13812925
Abstract (Summary)

Smoking is a risk factor for alteration of both kidney and cardiovascular (CVD) health. The risk is higher among certain individuals due to their health, demographic, and the socioeconomic profile. This study found that smokers have overall higher risk of kidney and CVD function alteration compared to non-smokers. Smokers had higher levels of urine albumin, blood urea nitrogen, serum creatinine, and serum uric acid. Smokers also had higher cholesterol levels and systolic blood pressure while lower HDL levels compared to non-smokers. Combined smokers (users of cigarettes and other forms of tobacco) had higher levels of serum uric acid, urine creatinine, and serum triglycerides but lower HDL compared to cigarette smokers. Cigarette smokers had higher systolic blood pressure compared to combined smokers. Both cigarette and combined smokers have higher risk of kidney and CVD alteration, but this needs further analysis in the future. Lower sugar control increased risk for kidney and CVD function alterations among smokers. Smoking history also predicted several kidney and CVD function tests. Health disparities like smoking frequency, age, gender, race, household income, income to poverty ratio, armed forces service history, education status, and marital status also played a significant role in determining the kidney and CVD health. However, individual and multiple (full and reduced) regression analysis found variations in risk relationship between health predictors and kidney and cardiovascular biomarker subsequently.

Indexing (document details)
Advisor: Farmer, Gail C.
Commitee: Blanco, Lyzette, Korosteleva, Olga
School: California State University, Long Beach
Department: Health Science
School Location: United States -- California
Source: MAI 81/1(E), Masters Abstracts International
Subjects: Medicine, Public health, Epidemiology
Keywords: Cardiovascular, Diabetes, Health disparities, Kidney function, Lipid profile, Smoking
Publication Number: 13812925
ISBN: 9781085557597
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