This content analysis looked at Restorative Justice literature between 2008 and 2018 and sought to identify the role of Restorative Justice in the criminal justice system. Focusing on Victim Offender Mediation, Restorative Justice Conferencing and community reintegration programs implemented with incarcerated populations. Recidivism in the United States continues to have rates of approximately 70% despite the reduction of incarcerated populations indicating that the problem of recidivism has not been properly addressed. The main focus of this study was the potential success of Restorative Justice in reducing recidivism with incarcerated populations. Most of the literature supports Restorative Justice as an effective intervention that results in reduced recidivism rates to as low as 5%. A need for more rigorous and systematized victim-centered methods of implementation and research was identified. Participants in Restorative Justice programs are predominately White males though program process and access were not found indicating that there are possible unknown barriers for minority populations and women. Conclusions of this research provide guidelines for future implementation and research, methods to increase access to underrepresented populations and implications for social work practice.
|Commitee:||Campbell, Venetta, Lam, Brian|
|School:||California State University, Long Beach|
|Department:||Social Work, School of|
|School Location:||United States -- California|
|Source:||MAI 81/1(E), Masters Abstracts International|
|Subjects:||Social work, Criminology, Public policy|
|Keywords:||Content analysis, Criminal justice system, Mediation, Recidivism, Restorative justice, Victim offender mediation|
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