Mindfulness-based interventions have received significant support and have an evidence base that continues to grow. However, despite the widespread use of the term, there is no universal consensus of mindfulness definitions, its components, or even the techniques used. The current study explored the different ways counseling and clinical psychology graduate students understand mindfulness. Objective: The aim of this study was to ascertain how clinicians in training understand and utilize mindfulness. Much of the current literature examines treatment outcomes, but less attention has been given to how clinicians understand the mindfulness construct. As clinician understandings ultimately affect treatment delivery this is an important area of future study. Method: Clinicians were polled through an online survey and asked about demographic information, training experiences, and exposure to mindfulness. Clinicians rated to what degree they found items of mindfulness, as measured by the Five Facet Mindfulness Questionnaire - Short Form (FFMQ-SF), thought suppression, as measured by the White Bear Suppression Inventory (WBSI), and self-compassion, as measured by the Self-Compassion Scale - Short Form (SCS-SF), valid for measuring mindfulness. Results: Mindfulness experiences in training, supervision, and reading were not associated with endorsements on the FFMQ-SF, WBSI, or SCS-SF. However, greater degree of personal mindfulness practice in the last 30 days was associated with higher scores on the FFMQ Nonjudgment subscale. The FFMQ describe scale was not endorsed the least among the FFMQ-SF subscales, as hypothesized, it was endorsed significantly more frequently than the FFMQ Nonjudgment subscale. Conclusions: As nonjudgment is considered an important component of mindfulness, it appears that personal mindfulness practice may be relatively more important than academic or spiritual training in understanding this construct as a feature of mindfulness. These findings suggest that training for mindfulness-informed clinical work should emphasize personal mindfulness practice. Additionally, more research into how clinicians understand the mindfulness construct will enrich the literature and may highlight how clinician understandings influence treatment outcomes.
|Advisor:||Waelde, Lynn C.|
|Commitee:||Bongar, Bruce, Habarth, Janice|
|School:||Palo Alto University|
|School Location:||United States -- California|
|Source:||DAI-B 80/11(E), Dissertation Abstracts International|
|Keywords:||Clinician survey, Contemporary mindfulness, Mindfulness, Traditional mindfulness|
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