The recent wave of instability in the Middle East in the form of Arab Spring has once again highlighted the importance of democratic institutions. The research on democracy and Islam has increasingly come to a consensus that religion could play a decisive role in bringing democracy to Muslim societies. What is required, nonetheless, is an in-depth understanding of the conditions under which religious actors could become a partner in democratic development. Scholars, in this regard, have pointed out the crucial role of political theology, that is, political ideas derived from religion. Contemporary scholars of Islam and democracy have argued that a pro-democratic interpretation of religion increases the chances of democratization. Since religious interpretation is the task of religious scholars, i.e., ulama, this project aims to incorporate these actors in democratic discourse by addressing the following set of questions: How could ulama arrive at a pro-democratic reading of religious scripture? What role do their traditional learning institutions, i.e., madrasas, play in developing an understanding of religion? The study utilizes Gramscian perspective of hegemony/counter-hegemony along with Social/Intellectual Movements (SIMs) to delineates a theoretical framework for understanding transformation and evolution in Islamic religious thought and its associated political theology. Based on its comparative analysis, the study posits that the institutional dynamics of religious education- the structure, quality, philosophy, and methodology for understanding religion- have implications for religious thought and political theology.
|Commitee:||Lenze, Paul E., Mohamed, Mohamed M.A., Otenyo, Eric E.|
|School:||Northern Arizona University|
|Department:||Politics and International Affairs|
|School Location:||United States -- Arizona|
|Source:||DAI-A 80/11(E), Dissertation Abstracts International|
|Subjects:||International Relations, Political science|
|Keywords:||Democratization, Indonesia, Pakistan, Political islam, Political theology, Religious thought|
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