It has been hypothesized that the establishment of farming communities in Albania occurred through two separate routes of colonization, one inland, originating probably from Thessaly in Greece, and one along the coast, originating from the islands of the Eastern Mediterranean. However, not much evidence has been employed to support this hypothesis. This study delivers a clearer picture for the origin of the Impressed Pottery Complex in the region, and its relationship with other major cultural complexes in the vicinity. Previous scholars have placed a paramount importance to the Early Neolithic (EN) Adriatic Impresso Complex as the source of impressed pottery for all the settlements of this period in Albania. The results of this study reveal that Impressed Pottery begins in SE Albania and after that moves into the Adriatic coast. Therefore, this particular kind of pottery decoration comes into Albania not from the Adriatic or Ionian coast, as it has always been assumed, but from the east, the northern Aegean Coast, through the Pindus Mountain range.
The historical picture that arises from this research reveals oscillations in interactive intensities, beginning at low levels in the earlier phases of Early Neolithic; rising sharply at the onset of the Adriatic Cultural Complex, resulting probably as a way to cope with the outcome of the 8200 BP Rapid Climate Change (RCC) Event; dropping again in the later phases of the EN; and then, increasing again at the beginning of the Middle Neolithic period.
|Advisor:||Biehl, Petere F.|
|Commitee:||Milisauskas, Sarunas, Zubrow, Ezra|
|School:||State University of New York at Buffalo|
|School Location:||United States -- New York|
|Source:||DAI-A 80/11(E), Dissertation Abstracts International|
|Keywords:||Adriatic, Albania, Cultural transmission, Early Neolithic, Impressed pottery, Seriation|
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